Two molecular species of endoglycoceramidase (designated as endoglycoceramidases I and II) were purified 32,700 and 43,000 times with overall recoveries of 4.8 and 2.9%, respectively, from a culture fluid of the mutant strain M-750 of Rhodococcus sp., cultivated in the absence of inducers (ganglioside). After being stained with Coomassie Brilliant Blue or a silver-staining solution, each purified enzyme showed a single protein band on polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis in the presence and absence of sodium dodecyl sulfate. The apparent molecular weights, as estimated by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, were 55,900 for endoglycoceramidase I and 58,900 for endoglycoceramidase II, and their pIs were 5.3 and 4.5, respectively. both were capable of hydrolyzing the glucosylceramide linkage of ganglio-type, lacto-type, and globo-type glycosphingolipids to afford intact oligosaccharides and ceramides. Globo-type glycosphingolipids were strongly resistant to hydrolysis by endoglycoceramidase II in comparison with endoglycoceramidase I. Neither could hydrolyze gala-type glycosphingolipids, cerebrosides, sulfatides, glycoglycerolipids, or sphingomyelins. In addition to these two enzymes, the strain M-750 produced a third minor molecular species of endoglycoceramidase designated as endoglycoceramidase III. It was found capable of specifically hydrolyzing the galactosylceramide linkage of gala-type glycosphingolipids that were not hydrolyzable at all by endoglycoceramidases I or II. The molecular weights of the oligosaccharide and ceramide released from asialo GM1, incubated either in normal H2O or H2(18)O with the enzyme, were compared by fast atom bombardment-mass spectrometry. The result clearly indicated that both endoglycoceramidases I and II hydrolyze the glycosidic linkage between the oligosaccharide and ceramide. Thus, a systematic name of the endoglycoceramidase should be glycosyl-N-acyl-sphingosine 1,1-beta-D-glucanohydrolase.
|Number of pages
|The Journal of biological chemistry
|Published - Jun 5 1989
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology