We studied a new pulse laser ablation phenomenon on a liquid surface layer, which is caused by the difference between the refractive indices of the two materials involved.The present study was motivated by our previous study, which showed that laser ablation can occur at the interface between a transparent material and a gas or liquid medium when the laser pulse is focused through the transparent material. In this case, the ablation threshold fluence is reduced remarkably.In the present study, experiments were conducted in water and air in order to confirm this phenomenon for a combination of two fluid media with different refractive indices.This phenomenon was observed in detail by pulse laser shadowgraphy.A high-resolution film was used to record the phenomenon with a Nd:YAG pulse laser with 10-ns duration as a light source.The laser ablation phenomenon on the liquid surface layer caused by a focused Nd:YAG laser pulse with 1064-nm wavelength was found to be followed by the splashing of the liquid surface, inducing a liquid jet with many ligaments.The liquid jet extension velocity was around 1000 m/s in a typical case.The liquid jet decelerated drastically due to rapid atomization at the tips of the ligaments.The liquid jet phenomenon was found to depend on the pulse laser parameters such as the laser fluence on the liquid surface, laser energy, and laser beam pattern.The threshold laser fluence for the generation of a liquid jet was 20 J/cm 2.By increasing the incident laser energy with a fixed laser fluence, the laser focused area increased, which eventually led to an increase in the size of the plasma column.The larger the laser energy, the larger the jet size and the longer the temporal behavior.The laser beam pattern was found to have significant effects on the liquid jet's velocity, shape, and history.
|Number of pages
|Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing
|Published - Jun 2010
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemistry
- General Materials Science