Pulmonary amyloidosis complicated with pulmonary hemosiderosis, diagnosed with bronchoscopy

Naruhiko Ogo, Toyoshi Yanagihara, Ryota Nishimura, Hiroshi Mannoji, Reiko Yoneda, Masayasu Hayashi, Ayaka Egashira, Tatsuma Asoh, Takashige Maeyama

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1 Citation (Scopus)


We describe a case of an 82-year-old Japanese woman with pulmonary amyloidosis and hemosiderosis associated with multiple myeloma. She had a background of end-stage renal failure of unknown etiology and had been on maintenance dialysis for 2 years. She complained of exertional dyspnea for four months. High-resolution CT of the chest revealed diffuse ground-glass opacities with mosaic attenuation, consolidation in the left lingular lobe, and wedge-shaped, subpleural nodules in the bilateral lower lobes. A transbronchial lung biopsy of the left lingular lobe showed deposition of amorphous, eosinophilic amyloid at the smooth muscle layer of bronchial tissue, with a positive Congo red staining signal in polarized light. Bronchoalveolar lavage fluid was brownish-yellow, and numerous hemosiderin-laden macrophages were detected with Berlin blue staining. From these findings, a diagnosis of pulmonary amyloidosis complicated with pulmonary hemosiderosis was made. Further work-up led to a diagnosis of multiple myeloma. Pulmonary amyloidosis complicated with pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare disorder and may be underdiagnosed. Physical examination, such as the appearance of the tongue, can assist the diagnosis of systemic amyloidosis. Use of bronchoscopy allows physicians make an early diagnosis of pulmonary amyloidosis that is minimally invasive.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101400
JournalRespiratory Medicine Case Reports
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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