To investigate the usefulness of a periodic medical checkup at the workplace from the standpoint of remembering the results, a survey was performed by a self-rating questionnaire on 424 industrial workers in a certain manufacturing company. The questionnaire included several items, such as their recalled abnormal medical findings and follow-up toward them, Breslow's 7 health practices, Goldberg's 12 selected items from the Japanese version of the General Health Questionnaire, and other original health related items. The study was conducted a month after the workers received their results. A total of 391 (290 males and 101 females) or 92.2% responded to the questionnaire. Several factors, such as age, gender, the type of occupation, and perceived health status were significantly correlated to the recalled results of medical checkups, but, only age and the way of observing the results were in accordance with the actual results. Only forty-nine percent of the responders correctly remembered their results. Age and perceived health status were significantly correlated to the exact recollection of the results. In particular, those who had poor perceived health status tended to have a wrong understanding of their medical results. Furthermore, there were those with the highest averaged GHQ scores who responded as having some abnormal findings even though no abnormalities were discovered in the medical checkups. On the other hand, there were those with the lowest averaged GHQ scores who answered that they had no abnormal findings even though some abnormalities were revealed in the medical checkups. The frequency of correct follow-up of the results was lower than the exact recalling of the results. In addition, those who made a mistake in the follow-up were inclined to have an optimistic view. Therefore, comprehensive health care for precise recalling of the results of medical checkups should be required to improve abnormal findings or maintain a good health status.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Sangyō eiseigaku zasshi = Journal of occupational health|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 1997|
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