Protected Sal Forest and Livelihoods of Ethnic Minorities: Experience From Bangladesh

K. K. Islam, Noriko Sato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Protected areas are an appropriate means for managing biodiversity and have become increasingly central to conservation strategies. However, declaring a natural resource to be protected has an immense influence on the livelihoods of many local communities living in and around the protected area. This article explores the role of protected sal forests-namely, the Madhupur National Park (MNP) on the livelihoods of forest-dependent ethnic minorities, drawing empirical data from ethnic households. The results revealed that the MNP has brought changes, most of which have had negative impacts on ethnic livelihoods. Now their livelihoods are not stable, as most do not have substantial sources of securing income. In spite of this, the ethnic communities have experienced severe antagonistic relationships with park managers and faced social inequity; all these factors affect their livelihoods. Therefore, establishment of a legitimate process to constructively work with the local communities is the most feasible and just way to achieve conservation and development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-436
Number of pages25
JournalJournal of Sustainable Forestry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Forestry
  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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