Chemical vapor deposition has become a standard process for synthesizing carbon nanotubes. Since the successful use of chemical vapor deposition for the first time, much effort has been expended into exploring various carbon sources that can be used to synthesize carbon nanotubes, such as methane, ethane, and ethanol. However, whole perspectives for suitable carbon sources have not been clear. In this study, we performed experiments in order to determine that the appropriate C-H-O components ratio in raw materials can be used to synthesize carbon nanotubes. We also examined a variety of raw materials in our newly developed round-trip-type vacuum furnace in order to determine whether they could be used to synthesize a carbon nanotube. We used Raman spectroscopy to identify the developed carbon nanotube, and we plotted the component ratios of effective and ineffective materials on a C-H-O ternary diagram; in this diagram, the growth region became highly apparent. It should be noted that for the growth of the carbon nanotube, this region should satisfy the equation O < C < (H + O) in molar ratio. Furthermore, it was observed that adjusting the component ratios by mixing raw materials did not cause an inconsistency in the growth region.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Materials Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering