Properties of concrete after 30 years' exposure under marine submerged condition

Hidenori Hamada, Tarek Uddin Mohammed, Toru Yamaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A detailed investigation on 30-years old concrete specimens of 150mm in diameter and 300mm in height made with ordinary portland cement (OPC), high early strength portland cement (HES), moderate heat Portland cement (MH), slag cement of type B (SCB), and alumina cement (AL) was carried out. In each specimen, steel bars were embedded at cover depths of 20, 40, and 70mm. Mineralogy and microstructure of mortar portions at the inner and outer regions, coarse aggregate-mortar interface and steel-concrete interface were investigated. Carbonation depth, acid-soluble chloride contents, electro-chemical and corrosion condition of embedded steel bars were evaluated. It is concluded from the results that the microstructure of concrete at the outer region for SCB and AL becomes denser compared to the inner region. For AL, the inner region is relatively more porous and also a porous steel-concrete interface is found. Chloride ingress in concrete was lower for SCB and AL compared to OPC, HES and MH. However, more corrosion over the steel bars was found for AL. The surface condition of the steel bars embedded in concrete made with SCB remains as same as the initially polished condition. Utilization of SCB is concluded as one of the best choices to improve long-term durability of marine concrete structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)842-849
Number of pages8
JournalZairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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