Researchers have long awaited the technology to develop an in vitro kidney model. Here, we establish a rapid fabricating technique for kidney-like tissues (cysts) using a combination of an organ-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) gel format culture system and a renal stem cell line (CHK-Q cells). CHK-Q cells, which are spontaneously immortalized from the renal stem cells of the Chinese hamster, formed renal cyst-like structures in a type-I collagen gel sandwich culture on day 1 of culture. The cysts fused together and expanded while maintaining three-dimensional structures. The expression of genes related to kidney development and maturation was increased compared with that in a traditional monolayer. Under the kidney-derived ECM (K-ECM) gel format culture system, cyst formation and maturation were induced rapidly. Gene expressions involved in cell polarities, especially for important material transporters (typical markers Slc5a1 and Kcnj1), were restored. K-ECM composition was an important trigger for CHK-Q cells to promote kidney-like tissue formation and maturation. We have established a renal cyst model which rapidly expressed mature kidney features via the combination of K-ECM gel format culture system and CHK-Q cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics