Programmable aperture camera using LCoS

Hajime Nagahara, Changyin Zhou, Takuya Watanabe, Hiroshi Ishiguro, Shree K. Nayar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

85 Citations (Scopus)


Since 1960s, aperture patterns have been studied extensively and a variety of coded apertures have been proposed for various applications, including extended depth of field, defocus deblurring, depth from defocus, light field acquisition, etc. Researches have shown that optimal aperture patterns can be quite different due to different applications, imaging conditions, or scene contents. In addition, many coded aperture techniques require aperture patterns to be temporally changed during capturing. As a result, it is often necessary to have a programmable aperture camera whose aperture pattern can be dynamically changed as needed in order to capture more useful information. In this paper, we propose a programmable aperture camera using a Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) device. This design affords a high brightness contrast and high resolution aperture with a relatively low light loss, and enables one change the pattern at a reasonably high frame rate. We build a prototype camera and evaluate its features and drawbacks comprehensively by experiments. We also demonstrate two coded aperture applications in light field acquisition and defocus deblurring.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationComputer Vision, ECCV 2010 - 11th European Conference on Computer Vision, Proceedings
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages14
EditionPART 6
ISBN (Print)3642155669, 9783642155666
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event11th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2010 - Heraklion, Crete, Greece
Duration: Sept 10 2010Sept 11 2010

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
NumberPART 6
Volume6316 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference11th European Conference on Computer Vision, ECCV 2010
CityHeraklion, Crete

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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