To construct a recombinant protein highly producing cell lines, we have previously developed the Oncogene Activated Production (OAP) system by using BHK-21 cells. Here we verified the availability of the OAP system in CHO cells. We firstly generated 'primed' ras amplified CHO cells, ras clone I, by introducing human c-Ha-ras oncogene into CHO cells. This ras clone I enables quick and easy establishment of recombinant protein hyper producing cell lines by introduction reporter gene of interest. Then we generated I13 by introducing human interleukin 6 (hIL-6) gene as a reporter gene, which showed enhanced productivity rate as compared to A7 established by conventional method. Furthermore, we found that hIL-6 production level of I13 was slightly improved by raising the CO2 concentration from 5 to 8% possibly because of the enhanced growth rate. We further introduced the E1A oncogene, which has been shown to have a synergistic effect on the recombinant protein production of the ras-amplified BHK21 cells, then evaluated the productivity. When culture in 5% CO2 condition, only the slight effect can be seen. However when cultured in 8% CO2 condition, not only cell number, but also productivity increased significantly, resulted in great augmentation of hIL-6 production, maximum production being 88.6 μg/ml/3 days. This study demonstrates that recombinant protein production level reached commercially desirable level by utilizing our OAP system in CHO cells and optimizing the culture condition.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cell Biology