Probing the in-plane liquid-like behavior of liquid crystal elastomers

Haruki Tokumoto, Hao Zhou, Asaka Takebe, Kazutaka Kamitani, Ken Kojio, Atsushi Takahara, Kaushik Bhattacharya, Kenji Urayama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


When isotropic solids are unequally stretched in two orthogonal directions, the true stress (force per actual cross-sectional area) in the larger strain direction is typically higher than that in the smaller one. We show that thiol-acrylate liquid crystal elastomers with polydomain texture exhibit an unusual tendency: The true stresses in the two directions are always identical and governed only by the area change in the loading plane, independently of the combination of imposed strains in the two directions. This feature proves a previously unidentified state of matter that can vary its shape freely with no extra mechanical energy like liquids when deformed in the plane. The theory and simulation that explain the unique behavior are also provided. The in-plane liquid-like behavior opens doors for manifold applications, including wrinkle-free membranes and adaptable materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbereabe9495
JournalScience Advances
Issue number25
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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