Preparation of Formed Coke from Biomass by Sequence of Torrefaction, Binderless Hot Briquetting and Carbonization

Aditya Wibawa, U. P.M. Ashik, Shinji Kudo, Shusaku Asano, Yusuke Dohi, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Yuki Kimura, G. A.O. Xiangpeng, Jun Ichiro Hayashi

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5 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes a method of preparing high-strength formed coke from woody biomass without binder. Chipped and pre-dried Japanese cedar was heat-treated in an inert atmosphere (i.e., torrefied) at 225–325°C (Tt), pulverized to sizes in three different ranges, molded into briquettes (in the form of thick disk with diameter/thickness ≈ 2.5) at temperature up to 200°C by applying mechanical pressure of 128 MPa. The torrefied/briquetted cedar (TBC) was then converted into coke by heating to 1 000°C in an inert atmosphere at normal pressure. This process sequence enabled to prepare coke having indirect tensile strength (St) of 8–32 MPa, which was much higher than that without torrefaction, below 5 MPa. The torrefaction greatly improved pulverizability of the cedar, which was further promoted by increasing Tt. St of TBC and that of coke both increased as the particle sizes of TBC decreased, but this explained only a minor part of significant effect of Tt on St of the coke. St was maximized at Tt = 275°C regardless of the degree of pulverization. The Tt effects on physicochemical properties of TBC and coke were investigated in detail. The difference in St of coke by Tt was mainly due to that in the increment of St along the carbonization at 500–1 000°C. Fracture surfaces of the coke had particular morphologies that had been inherited from the original honeycomb structure of the cedar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1629-1638
Number of pages10
Journalisij international
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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