This paper proposes an environment-friendly method to load ferrous ion (Fe2+) to lignite with water, iron metal and carbon dioxide (CO2) but without mineral acids or iron salts containing potentially harmful components. Iron metal was dissolved into 25°C water that had been saturated with CO2 at its gaseous pressure of 4.0 MPa. The solubility of ferrous iron was 1 070 mg-Fe/L-water. This solubility was much higher than that predicted from the solubility product (Ksp) of FeCO3 with an assumption that Fe2+ represented the dissolved ferrous iron. Rather, another assumption of coexistence of Fe2+, FeHCO3+, and Fe(HCO3)2 reasonably explained the measured solubility of ferrous iron. The dissolved ferrous iron was loaded to a Victorian lignite by ion exchange. The iron-loaded lignites with different iron concentrations (0.3-6.7 wt %-dry-lignite) were subjected to a sequence of pyrolysis and steam gasification to produce synthesis gas in a thermogravimetric analyzer. The gasification was catalyzed by the loaded iron regardless of its concentration, while the quickest at 1.0 wt % where dispersion of iron-derived catalytic species in the char matrix was maintained until its complete gasification with steam.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Chemical Engineering
- Fuel Technology
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology