Background: Several studies have suggested that decreased muscle volume is associated with attenuation of immune function. The recipient's immune system is responsible for rejection of transplanted organs, which is a major cause of graft loss after transplantation. We aimed to determine whether muscle volume is correlated with graft survival after pancreas transplantation (PT). Methods: Forty-three patients underwent PT for type 1 diabetes mellitus at our institution from August 2001 to May 2016. The quantity of skeletal muscle was evaluated using the psoas muscle mass index (PMI). The correlation between PMI and outcome after PT was assessed. Results: A total of 32 and 11 recipients underwent simultaneous pancreas–kidney transplantation (SPK) and PT alone/pancreas after kidney transplantation, respectively. Patients with a surviving graft showed a significantly lower PMI than those with graft loss (P =.0451). We divided the recipients into two groups according to the PMI cutoff values, which were established using receiver operating characteristic curves. The cumulative graft survival rate was significantly higher in patients with a low PMI (P =.0206). A multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that a low PMI (P =.0075) is an independent predictive factor for better graft survival. A low PMI was not a significant predictive factor for acute rejection, but was an independent predictive factor for graft survival after the first acute rejection (P =.0025). Conclusions: Our data suggest that muscle volume could be a predictor of graft survival after PT.
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|Published - Jun 2018
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