Postoperative management of multiple primary cancers associated with non-small cell lung cancer

Fumihiro Shoji, Koji Yamazaki, Naoko Miura, Masakazu Katsura, Yuka Oku, Sadanori Takeo, Yoshihiko Maehara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Background/Aim: Modern treatment for primary cancers has improved survival. Therefore, increased numbers of patients with multiple primary cancers (MPC) associated with lung cancer may be expected. The aim of the present study was to report MPC associated with lung cancer and discuss patients’ characteristics and postoperative management. Patients and Methods: Overall, 973 consecutive patients who underwent surgery for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were retrospectively studied. Results: NSCLC with MPC was observed in 148 patients (15.2%). MPC comprised 24 synchronous (2.5%) and 124 metachronous (12.7%) diseases. Of the 124 metachronous patients, NSCLC was detected before cancers were detected in other organs (lung cancer first (LCF)) in 25 (20.2%) patients and subsequently in other organs after treatment (other organs, primary cancer-first (OCF)) in 99 (79.8%) patients. MPC was significantly associated with advanced age (p<0.0001) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) (p=0.0040). The leading sites of MPC in patients with synchronous tumors and those with OCF were the digestive organs. In contrast, the leading site of MPC in patients with LCF was the lung. In the latter, at least two primary lung cancers were detected within 5 years as well as 5 years after surgery for the treatment of the first detected lung cancer, while primary cancers of other organs were detected within 5 years. Conclusion: Advanced age and COPD may represent a high-risk of MPCs. Therefore, we recommend careful follow-up to detect MPC in the lung as well as the digestive organs beyond 5 years after treatment of the first cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3773-3778
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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