Possible involvement of soluble B7-H4 in T cell-mediated inflammatory immune responses

Yosuke Kamimura, Hiroko Kobori, Jinhua Piao, Masaaki Hashiguchi, Koichiro Matsumoto, Sachiko Hirose, Miyuki Azuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


B7-H4, a newly identified B7 family molecule, is reported to regulate T cell activation. However, the expression and function of B7-H4 remain controversial. Here, we demonstrated that B7-H4 expression in immune cells was undetectable at both the transcription and cell-surface protein levels. B7-H4 transfectants augmented anti-CD3 mAb-induced re-directed cytotoxicity and this was inhibited by anti-B7-H4 mAb. In a hapten-induced contact hypersensitivity model, treatment with anti-B7-H4 mAb at sensitization, but not at challenge, efficiently suppressed the ear swelling and CD8+ T cell activation assessed by CD25 expression and IFN-γ production. We found that cells expressing B7-H4 secreted soluble B7-H4 and the serum B7-H4 level increased with disease progression in lupus-prone and collagen-induced arthritis autoimmune mice and after the antigen challenge in allergic inflammatory diseases. Our results suggest a different action of B7-H4 in T cell-mediated inflammatory responses and the possible involvement of soluble B7-H4 in inflammatory immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)349-353
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 13 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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