Pore pressure and gas saturation distribution in sedimentary basins are difficult to predict and quantify because these two factors produce the same impact on reducing P-wave velocity (Vp). To tackle this issue, the modified Eaton's equation for Vp and S-wave velocity (Vs) ratio derived from automatic velocity analysis and a pre-stack inversion was applied to estimate pore pressure distribution, and Rock Physics Templates (RPTs) was performed to estimate hydrate and gas attributes (i.e., saturation). We applied this methodology in the Kumano forearc basin, southwest Japan. As a result, pore pressure distribution can be quantified from gas saturation effects. The pore pressure distribution in this basin is nearly hydrostatic. According to RPTs, hydrates and gas saturation are up to 50% and 20%, respectively. Besides, the clustering zones of overpressure, gas, hydrate, and brine can be differentiated from each other using estimated Vp and Vp/Vs. Based on these results, it can be concluded that the dynamic deformation associated with the Nankai plate subduction process mainly controls pore fluid connected pathways (i.e., dipping strata, fractures, and faults) in the shallow forearc basin sequence. This shallow sequence therefore cannot trap the excess pore pressure.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Fuel Technology
- Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology