Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)-grafted gelatin (PNIPAM-gelatin) serves as a temperature-induced scaffold at physiological temperature. This study was aimed at determining the effect of the graft architecture of thermoresponsive PNIPAM-gelatin on the surface topography and elastic modulus of the hydrogels prepared with different architectured PNIPAM-gelatins: the surface topography and elastic modulus were determined by atomic force microscopy (AFM). PNIPAM-gelatin surfaces showed an irregularly concavo-convex structure with a vertical interval of approximately 1 μm regardless of the weight ratio of PNIPAM to gelatin (P/G: 5.8, 12, and 18). The elastic moduli of hydrogels varied at measured sites. The mean elastic moduli of PNIPAM-gelatin with the lowest P/G were low, but increased with increasing P/G. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells adhered and spread on PNIPAM-gelatin hydrogels with the highest P/G, whereas reduced adhesion and nonspreading, round-shaped cells resided on the hydrogels with lower P/Gs. Interrelationship between elastic modulus and cell adhesion and spreading potentials were discussed from physicochemical and cellular biomechanical viewpoints.
|Number of pages
|Published - Jun 2005
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials