Polymer electrolytes that have been developed for battery applications fall into two general classes, neat or "pure" polymer and plasticized or gel in which the polymer is combined with a conducting organic electrolyte. The polyethylene oxide (PEO) and its modifications are typical of the "pure" polymer electrolytes. They have poor conductivity at room temperatures, but at elevated temperatures, their conductivity is of the order of 10-3 to 10-4 S/cm. The PEO electrolytes have found application in the high temperature (>60°C) lithium metal anode battery systems. The high temperature necessary for good operation makes them unsuitable for use in small consumer appliances. The polymer electrolyte battery development activities have resulted in several high performance battery systems now just entering the market. Not all of the developments have resulted in commercial cell production. The commercialization activities of high performance lithium-ion (Li-Ion) batteries have been based on two general plastic polymer systems: poly-vinylidene difluoride-hexafluoropropylene copolymer (PVdF-HFP) and polyacrylates. The polymer cells are expected to have advantages in manufacturing, flexibility, thin cell formats and lightweight packaging. Important parameters in PVdF gel electrolyte performance include the electrolyte type (combination of organic carbonates), temperature, and HFP copolymer content. Li-Ion coin cells fabricated with a polyolefin separator with either liquid electrolyte or with the PVdF gel polymer electrolyte have equivalent performance.
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry