Polarization comparison of Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 and Bi4Ti 3O12-based ferroelectrics

Hiroshi Funakubo, Takayuki Watanabe, Hitoshi Morioka, Atsushi Nagai, Takahiro Oikawa, Muneyasu Suzuki, Hiroshi Uchida, Seiichiro Kouda, Keisuke Saito

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The spontaneous polarization (Ps) values of Pb(Zr,Ti)O 3 (PZT) and Bi4Ti3O12-based ferroelectrics were compared based on data obtained from epitaxially-grown films. These two materials are the most promising candidates for use in ferroelectric random access memory (FeRAM). The Ps of tetragonal Pb(Zr0.35Ti0.65)O3 films was estimated to be about 90 μC/cm2 based on data from perfectly (0 0 1)-oriented, polar-axis-oriented films. On the other hand, the Ps value of (Bi3.5Nd0.5)Ti3O12 was estimated to be 56-58 μC/cm2 based on data from (1 0 0)/(0 1 0)-, (1 1 0)-, and (1 0 4)/(0 1 4)-oriented epitaxial films. This value is the largest yet reported for bismuth layer-structured ferroelectrics. For both systems, the Ps value generally increased with increasing Curie temperature (Tc). However, it decreased when the Tc became very high and approached the values for PbTiO3 and Bi4Ti 3O12. This decrease is attributed to pinning of the domain motion in the bulk. On the other hand, the obtained one-axis film, which is essential to diminish the cell-to-cell property distribution, had a (1 0 0)/(0 0 1) and (1 1 1) orientations for Pb(Zr0.35Ti0.65)O 3 films, or a (0 0 1) orientation for (Bi3.5Nb 0.5)Ti3O12 films. Based on our findings, we expect the maximum remanent polarization (Pr) values to be almost the same for both materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-27
Number of pages5
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: B
Issue number1-3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 25 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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