We studied the effects of platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGF-B) and bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) during the healing of mandibular closed fractures in rats by immunohistochemical methods. Unilateral closed fractures were created in the mandibles of thirty 12-week-old rats. BMP-2 was expressed during all stages of healing, but PDGF-B was expressed mainly in the early and middle stages, and not in the later stage of the healing process. We conclude that PDGF-B was associated with the proliferation and migration of primitive mesenchymal cells. BMP-2 was related to the differentiation of mesenchymal cells into osteoblasts and chondroblasts. PDGF-B and BMP-2 both have distinct regulatory effects on the healing of fractures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery