Physiological and subjective comfort evaluation under different airflow directions in a cooling environment

Kaori Tamura, Sayaka Matsumoto, Yu Hsuan Tseng, Takayuki Kobayashi, Jun'ichi Miwa, Ken'ichi Miyazawa, Toyotaka Hirao, Soichiro Matsumoto, Seiji Hiramatsu, Hiroyuki Otake, Tsuyoshi Okamoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Indoor comfort is influenced by airflow direction, but subjective evaluations can differ. This study evaluates the airflow comfort with subjective assessments and physiological measurements, including skin temperature, electroencephalograms, and electrocardiograms. Nineteen participants entered a test room at 20°C after staying in a room at 32°C for acclimation. They were exposed to indirect and direct airflow conditions to their faces and performed four tasks under each condition: Resting, counting to 10 s following time alerts, counting to 10 s in mind, and mental calculation. Subjective assessments showed relatively higher thermal sensation and pleasantness under indirect airflow. The psychological time calculated from counting behaviors was longer under indirect airflow, indicating suppression of negative emotions. The face temperatures significantly declined during experiments under direct airflow. The beta and gamma bands of electroencephalograms were inhibited under the indirect condition, and these amplitudes were negatively correlated with pleasant feelings. Electrocardiogram parameters indicated that sympathetic nervous activity was predominant during counting, following alerts and mental calculation in indirect airflow. This study supports the comfort of indirect airflow based on reliable evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0249235
JournalPloS one
Issue number4 April
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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