Photoisomerization in monolayers of a novel azobenzene compound, azobenzene dendrimer, was investigated for the first time by means of the absorption spectrum and Maxwell displacement current (MDC) technique. According to the absorption spectrum, trans-to-cis conversion ratio was estimated to be approximately 10% for the third generation of azobenzene dendrimer deposited onto a glass substrate. Temperature-dependent induced charge with trans-cis isomerization was also measured by means of MDC technique, and we found that the thermal isomerization process must be taken into account for theoretical analysis of trans-to-cis photoisomerization. The temperature dependence was theoretically treated in terms of the three-state model that takes into account the stimulated thermal isomerization. As a result, we could obtain a ground state energy barrier of 0.93 eV in cis-to-trans isomerization for the first-generation of the azobenzene dendrimer (AZ-G1), and the value is in good agreement with the previous results obtained from the molecular orbital (MO) calculation which suggests that thermal cis-to-trans isomerization in AZ-G1 passes through the inversion process.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Engineering
- General Physics and Astronomy