Photochemical conversion of CO2to CO by a Re complex: Theoretical insights into the formation of CO and HCO3-from an experimentally detected monoalkyl carbonate complex

Miho Isegawa, Akhilesh K. Sharma

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Triethanolamine (TEOA) has been used for the photocatalytic reduction of CO2, and the experimental studies have demonstrated that the TEOA increases the catalytic efficiency. In addition, the formation of a carbonate complex has been confirmed in the Re photocatalytic system where DMF and TEOA are used as solvents. In this study, we survey the reaction pathways of the photocatalytic conversions of CO2 to CO + H2O and CO2 to CO + HCO3- by fac-Re(bpy)(CO)3Br in the presence of TEOA using density functional theory (DFT) and domain-based local pair natural orbital coupled cluster approach, DLPNO-CCSD(T). Under light irradiation, the solvent-coordinated Re complex is first reduced to form a monoalkyl carbonate complex in the doublet pathway. This doublet pathway is kinetically advantageous over the singlet pathway. To reduce carbon dioxide, the Re complex needs to be reduced by two electrons. The second electron reduction occurs after the monoalkyl carbonate complex is protonated. The second reduction involves the dissociation of the monoalkyl carbonate ligand, and the dissociated ligand recombines the Re center via carbon to generate Re-COOH species, which further reacts with CO2 to generate tetracarbonyl complex and HCO3-. The two-electron reduced ligand-free Re complex converts CO2 to CO and H2O. The pathways leading to H2O formation have lower barriers than the pathways leading to HCO3- formation, but their portion of formation must depend on proton concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37713-37725
Number of pages13
JournalRSC Advances
Volume11
Issue number60
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 24 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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