Phosphorescent organogels via "metallophilic" interactions for reversible RGB-color switching

Akihiro Kishimura, Takashi Yamashita, Takuzo Aida

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409 Citations (Scopus)


A trinuclear Au(I) pyrazolate complex bearing long alkyl chains (1) in hexane self-assembles via a Au(I)-Au(I) metallophilic interaction, to form a red-luminescent organogel (λem = 640 nm, λ ext = 284 nm). Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis of an air-dried gel with 1 show the presence of heavily entangled fibers, each consisting of a rectangularly packed columnar assembly of 1. Doping of the organogel with a small amount of Ag+ results in a blue luminescence (λem = 458 nm, λext = 370 nm) without disruption of the gel, while removal of doped Ag+ with cetyltrimethylammonium chloride results in complete recovery of the original red-luminescent gel. Upon heating, these organogels undergo gel-to-sol transition due to the destabilization of the metallophilic interactions, where the red luminescence of the nondoped system becomes hardly visible, while the blue luminescence of the Ag+-doped system turns green (λem = 501 nm, λext = 370 nm). On cooling, these solutions undergo gelation and synchronously recover the original luminescences. The observed RGB (red-green-blue) luminescences are all long-lived (3-6 μs) and assigned to electronic transitions from triplet-excited states.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-183
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 12 2005
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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