Exocytosis is one of the most fundamental cellular events. The basic mechanism of the final step, membrane fusion, is mediated by the formation of the SNARE complex, which is modulated by the phosphorylation of proteins controlled by the concerted actions of protein kinases and phosphatases. We have previously shown that a protein phosphatase-1 (PP1) anchoring protein, phospholipase C-related but catalytically inactive protein (PRIP), has an inhibitory role in regulated exocytosis. The current study investigated the involvement of PRIP in the phospho-dependent modulation of exocytosis. Dephosphorylation of synaptosome-associated protein of 25 kDa (SNAP-25) was mainly catalyzed by PP1, and the process was modulated by wild-type PRIP but not by the mutant (F97A) lacking PP1 binding ability in in vitro studies.We then examined the role of PRIP in phospho-dependent regulation of exocytosis in cell-based studies using pheochromocytoma cell line PC12 cells, which secrete noradrenalin. Exogenous expression of PRIP accelerated the dephosphorylation process of phosphorylated SNAP-25 after for-skolin or phorbol ester treatment of the cells. The phospho-states of SNAP-25 were correlated with noradrenalin secretion, which was enhanced by forskolin or phorbol ester treatment and modulated by PRIP expression in PC12 cells. Both SNAP-25 and PP1 were co-precipitated in anti-PRIP immunocomplex isolated from PC12 cells expressing PRIP. Collectively, together with our previous observation regarding the roles of PRIP in PP1 regulation, these results suggest that PRIP is involved in the regulation of the phospho-states ofSNAP-25by modulating the activity of PP1, thus regulating exocytosis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology