BACKGROUND: A novel topical phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor E6005 shows potential as effective treatment options for atopic dermatitis (AD); however, systemic exposure may cause potentially undesirable adverse reactions. In this study, we evaluated the relationship between the systemic exposure of E6005 and clinical parameters including skin condition and the incidence of AEs in patients with AD.
METHODS: The association analysis used the clinical data obtained in a previously conducted clinical study with topical E6005 in adult patients with AD. To estimate associations with drug exposure, generalized estimating equation logistic regression models were used, along with clinical data and plasma concentrations of M11, major metabolite of E6005 (as an indicator for E6005 exposure).
RESULTS: The metabolite M11 was detected in 62 of 221 plasma samples from 72 subjects. From association analysis, SCORAD-A obtained prior to E6005 treatment was identified as the clinical parameter influenced to M11 detection with statistical significance (p = 0.003). M11 detection was not clearly associated with the incidence of adverse events occurred.
CONCLUSION: Exposure to topical E6005 is associated with the eczema-associated area, however, that is not distinctly associated with its adverse drug reactions occurred after drug applications possibly due to E6005's characteristics of tissue distribution.