Performance of seawater-mixed concrete in the tidal environment

Tarek Uddin Mohammed, Hidenori Hamada, Toru Yamaji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


Compressive strength, mineralogy, chloride ingress, and corrosion of steel bars embedded in concrete made with seawater and tap water are summarized here based on the several long-term exposure investigations under tidal environment. Seawater-mixed concrete shows earlier strength gain. After 20 years of exposure, no significant difference in the compressive strength of concrete is observed for concrete mixed with seawater and tap water. The initial amount of chloride (due to the use of seawater) may cause the initiation of corrosion at the locations of the steel bars having voids/gaps at the steel-concrete interface immediately after casting concrete. The use of seawater results in the formation of deeper corrosion pits compared to the same with tap water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)593-601
Number of pages9
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2004
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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