Penicilliols A and B, novel inhibitors specific to mammalian Y-family DNA polymerases

Takuma Kimura, Toshifumi Takeuchi, Yuko Kumamoto-Yonezawa, Eiji Ohashi, Haruo Ohmori, Chikahide Masutani, Fumio Hanaoka, Fumio Sugawara, Hiromi Yoshida, Yoshiyuki Mizushina

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40 Citations (Scopus)


Penicilliols A (1) and B (2) are novel 5-methoxy-3(2H)-furanones isolated from cultures of a fungus (Penicillium daleae K.M. Zalessky) derived from a sea moss, and their structures were determined by spectroscopic analyses. These compounds selectively inhibited activities of eukaryotic Y-family DNA polymerases (pols) (i.e., pols η, ι and κ), and compound 1 was a stronger inhibitor than compound 2. Among mammalian Y-family pols, mouse pol ι activity was most strongly inhibited by compounds 1 and 2, with IC50 values of 19.8 and 32.5 μM, respectively. On the other hand, activities of many other pols, such as A-family (i.e., pol γ), B-family (i.e., pols α, δ and ε) or X-family (i.e., pols β, λ and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase), and some DNA metabolic enzymes, such as calf primase of pol α, human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase, human telomerase, T7 RNA polymerase, mouse IMP dehydrogenase (type II), human topoisomerases I and II, T4 polynucleotide kinase or bovine deoxyribonuclease I, are not influenced by these compounds. In conclusion, this is the first report on potent inhibitors of mammalian Y-family pols.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1811-1816
Number of pages6
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2009

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


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