PDGFs regulate tooth germ proliferation and ameloblast differentiation

Nan Wu, Tsutomu Iwamoto, Yu Sugawara, Masaharu Futaki, Keigo Yoshizaki, Shinya Yamamoto, Aya Yamada, Takashi Nakamura, Kazuaki Nonaka, Satoshi Fukumoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: The purpose of this study was to elucidate the effects of platelet-derived growth factors (PDGFs) during tooth development, as well as the mechanisms underlying the interactions of growth factors with PDGF signalling during odontogenesis. Design: We used an ex vivo tooth germ organ culture system and two dental cell lines, SF2 cells and mDP cells, as models of odontogenesis. AG17, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, was utilised for blocking PDGF receptor signalling. To analyse the expressions of PDGFs, reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR and immunohistochemistry were performed. Proliferation was examined using a BrdU incorporation assay for the organ cultures and a cell counting kit for the cell lines. The expressions of Fgf2 and ameloblastin were analysed by real-time RT-PCR. Results: The PDGF ligands PDGF-A and PDGF-B, and their receptors, PDGFRα and PDGFRβ, were expressed throughout the initial stages of tooth development. In the tooth germ organ cultures, PDGF-AA, but not PDGF-BB, accelerated cusp formation. Conversely, AG17 suppressed both growth and cusp formation of tooth germs. Exogenous PDGF-BB promoted mDP cell proliferation. Furthermore, PDGF-AA decreased Fgf2 expression and increased that of ameloblastin, a marker of differentiated ameloblasts. Conclusion: Our results indicate that PDGFs are involved in initial tooth development and regulate tooth size and shape, as well as ameloblast differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)426-434
Number of pages9
JournalArchives of Oral Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Dentistry(all)
  • Cell Biology


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