PDGFRβ-positive cell-mediated post-stroke remodeling of fibronectin and laminin α2 for tissue repair and functional recovery

Tomoya Shibahara, Kuniyuki Nakamura, Yoshinobu Wakisaka, Masahiro Shijo, Kei Yamanaka, Masamitsu Takashima, Hayato Takaki, Masaoki Hidaka, Takanari Kitazono, Tetsuro Ago

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Post-stroke intra-infarct repair promotes peri-infarct neural reorganization leading to functional recovery. Herein, we examined the remodeling of extracellular matrix proteins (ECM) that constitute the intact basal membrane after permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (pMCAO) in mice. Among ECM, collagen type IV remained localized on small vessel walls surrounding CD31-positive endothelial cells within infarct areas. Fibronectin was gradually deposited from peri-infarct areas to the ischemic core, in parallel with the accumulation of PDGFRβ-positive cells. Cultured PDGFRβ-positive pericytes produced fibronectin, which was enhanced by the treatment with PDGF-BB. Intra-infarct deposition of fibronectin was significantly attenuated in pericyte-deficient Pdgfrb+/− mice. Phagocytic activity of macrophages against myelin debris was significantly enhanced on fibronectin-coated dishes. In contrast, laminin α2, produced by GFAP- and aquaporin 4-positive astrocytes, accumulated strongly in the boundary of peri-infarct areas. Pericyte-conditioned medium increased the expression of laminin α2 in cultured astrocytes, partly through TGFβ1. Laminin α2 increased the differentiation of oligodendrocyte precursor cells into oligodendrocytes and the expression of myelin-associated proteins. Peri-infarct deposition of laminin α2 was significantly reduced in Pdgfrb+/− mice, with attenuated oligodendrogenesis in peri-infarct areas. Collectively, intra-infarct PDGFRβ-positive cells may orchestrate post-stroke remodeling of key ECM that create optimal environments promoting clearance of myelin debris and peri-infarct oligodendrogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)518-530
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Volume43
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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