Modeling the inhomogeneous microstructures of fibrous tows is important for analyzing the process of resin transfer molding because dual-scale pores in a preform can lead to void formation. This study focused on the development of a microscopic flow analysis method to predict the impregnation of fiber bundles. The moving particle semi-implicit method was adopted to model the microstructure of a fiber bundle explicitly and inter-particle potential force was introduced into the numerical model to take account for the capillary effect. The predicted process of impregnation and void formation agreed with empirical observations. The developed approach was applied to predict the relationship between the modified capillary number and void content to identify the optimal molding conditions to reduce microvoids. The obtained relationship reproduced the trends of a reported experiment, which indicates that the proposed approach will provide information about optimal conditions for minimizing void content.
|Number of pages
|Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
|Published - Jun 2019
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ceramics and Composites
- Mechanics of Materials