## Abstract

A graph is d-orientable if its edges can be oriented so that the maximum in-degree of the resulting digraph is at most d. d-orientability is a well-studied concept with close connections to fundamental graph-theoretic notions and applications as a load balancing problem. In this paper we consider the d-Orientable Deletion problem: given a graph G= (V, E) , delete the minimum number of vertices to make Gd-orientable. We contribute a number of results that improve the state of the art on this problem. Specifically:We show that the problem is W[2]-hard and log n-inapproximable with respect to k, the number of deleted vertices. This closes the gap in the problem’s approximability.We completely characterize the parameterized complexity of the problem on chordal graphs: it is FPT parameterized by d+ k, but W[1]-hard by d and W[2]-hard by k alone.We show that, under the SETH, for all d, ϵ, the problem does not admit a O^{∗}((d+ 2 - ϵ) ^{tw}) -time algorithm where tw is the graph’s treewidth, resolving as a special case an open problem on the complexity of PseudoForest Deletion.We show that the problem is W[1]-hard parameterized by the input graph’s clique-width. Complementing this, we provide an algorithm running in time O^{∗}(d^{O} ^{(} ^{d} ^{·} ^{cw} ^{)}) , showing that the problem is FPT by d+ cw , and improving the previously best known algorithm for this case.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1909-1938 |

Number of pages | 30 |

Journal | Algorithmica |

Volume | 82 |

Issue number | 7 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Jul 1 2020 |

Externally published | Yes |

## All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

- General Computer Science
- Computer Science Applications
- Applied Mathematics