Sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in seriously ill patients and mitochondrial dysfunction is associated with poor outcomes in septic patients. Although interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a good prognostic marker for sepsis, the relationship between mitochondrial dysfunction and IL-6 remains poorly understood. We identified p32/C1QBP/HABP1 as a regulator of IL-6 production in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). LPS induced IL-6 overproduction in p32 deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) through NF-κB independent but activating transcription factor (ATF) 4 dependent pathways. Short hairpin RNA-based knockdown of ATF4 in p32 deficient MEFs markedly inhibited LPS-induced IL-6 production. Furthermore, MEFs treated with chloramphenicol, an inhibitor of mitochondrial translation, produced excessive IL-6 via ATF4 pathways. Using a LPS-induced endotoxin shock model, mice with p32 ablation in myeloid cells showed increased lethality and overproduction of IL-6. Thus, this study provides a molecular link how mitochondrial dysfunction leads to IL-6 overproduction and poor prognosis of sepsis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology