Oxidative-stress-driven mutagenesis in the small intestine of the gpt delta mouse induced by oral administration of potassium bromate

Yasunobu Aoki, Yosuke Taniguchi, Michiyo Matsumoto, Michi Matsumoto, Mizuki Ohno, Kenichi Masumura, Shigeki Sasaki, Teruhisa Tsuzuki, Masayuki Yamamoto, Takehiko Nohmi

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6 Citations (Scopus)


Tumorigenesis induced by oxidative stress is thought to be initiated by mutagenesis, but via an indirect mechanism. The dose-response curves for agents that act by this route usually show a threshold, for unknown reasons. To gain insight into these phenomena, we have analyzed the dose response for mutagenesis induced by the oral administration of potassium bromate, a typical oxidative-stress-generating agent, to gpt delta mice. The agent was given orally for 90 d to either Nrf2+ or Nrf2-knockout (KO) mice and mutants induced in the small intestine were analyzed. In Nrf2+mice, the mutant frequency was significantly greater than in the vehicle controls at a dose of 0.6 g/L but not at 0.2 g/L, indicating that a practical threshold for mutagenesis lies between these doses. At 0.6 g/L, the frequencies of G-to-T transversions (landmark mutations for oxidative stress) and G-to-A transitions were significantly elevated. In Nrf2-KO mice, too, the total mutant frequency was increased only at 0.6 g/L. G-to-T transversions are likely to have driven tumorigenesis in the small intestine. A site-specific G-to-T transversion at guanine (nucleotide 406) in a 5′-TGAA-3′ sequence in gpt, and our primer extension reaction showed that formation of the oxidative DNA base modification 8-oxo-deoxyguanosine (8-oxo-dG) at nucleotide 406 was significantly increased at doses of 0.6 and 2 g/L in the gpt delta mice. In the Apc oncogene, guanine residues in the same or similar sequences (TGAA or AGAA) are highly substituted by thymine (G-to-T transversions) in potassium bromate-induced tumors. We propose that formation of 8-oxo-dG in the T(A)GAA sequence is an initiating event in tumor formation in the small intestine in response to oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number503136
JournalMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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