Overview of the Large Helical Device

A. Komori, H. Yamada, O. Kaneko, N. Ohyabu, K. Kawahata, R. Sakamoto, S. Sakakibara, N. Ashikawa, P. C. DeVries, M. Emoto, H. Funaba, M. Goto, K. Ida, H. Idei, K. Ikeda, S. Inagaki, N. Inoue, M. Isobe, S. Kado, S. KuboR. Kumazawa, S. Masuzaki, T. Minami, J. Miyazawa, T. Morisaki, S. Morita, S. Murakami, S. Muto, T. Mutoh, Y. Nagayama, Y. Nakamura, H. Nakanishi, K. Narihara, K. Nishimura, N. Noda, T. Kobuchi, S. Ohdachi, Y. Oka, M. Osakabe, T. Ozaki, B. J. Peterson, K. Saito, A. Sagara, H. Sasao, M. Sasao, K. Sato, M. Sato, T. Seki, T. Shimozuma, M. Shoji, H. Suzuki, M. Takechi, Y. Takeiri, K. Tanaka, K. Toi, T. Tokuzawa, K. Tsumori, I. Yamada, S. Yamaguchi, S. Yamamoto, M. Yokoyama, Y. Yoshimura, K. Y. Watanabe, T. Watanabe, T. Watari, Y. Hamada, K. Itoh, K. Matsuoka, K. Murai, K. Ohkubo, I. Ohtake, M. Okamoto, S. Satoh, T. Satow, S. Sudo, S. Tanahashi, K. Yamazaki, O. Motojima, M. Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The Large Helical Device (LHD) experiments have started after a construction period of eight years, and two experimental campaigns were performed in 1998. The magnetic field was raised up to 2.75 T at a magnetic axis position of 3.6. m at the end of the second campaign. In the third campaign, started in July in 1999, the plasma production with ECH of 0.9 MW and auxiliary heating with NBI of 3.5 MW have achieved an electron temperature of 3.5 keV and an ion temperature of 2.4 keV. The maximum stored energy has reached 0.75 MJ with an averaged electron density of 7.7×1019 m-3 by hydrogen pellet injection. The ICRF heating has sustained the plasma for longer than 2 s and the initial stored energy of the NBI target plasma has increased from 0.27 MJ to 0.335 MJ. The major characteristic of the LHD plasma is the formation of the temperature pedestal, which leads to some enhancement of energy confinement over the ISS95 scaling law. The confinement characteristic is gyro-Bohm and the maximum energy confinement has reached 0.28 s. The LHD has also shown its high potentiality for steady-state operation by realizing a 22 s discharge in the second campaign.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1165-1177
Number of pages13
JournalPlasma Physics and Controlled Fusion
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event12th International Stellarator Workshop - Madison, WI, USA
Duration: Sept 27 1999Oct 1 1999

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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