The main factors affecting resistance to hydrogen-assisted cracking are hydrogen diffusivity and local ductility. In this context, we note fcc (γ) to hcp (ε) martensitic transformation, instead of γ to bcc (ά) martensitic transformation. The γ-ε martensitic transformation decreases the local hydrogen diffusivity, which thereby can increase strength without critical deterioration of hydrogen embrittlement resistance. Furthermore, ε-martensite in a high-entropy alloy is extraordinary ductile. Consequently, the metastable high-entropy alloys showed lower fatigue crack growth rates under a hydrogen effect compared with those of conventional metastable austenitic steels such as type 304.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering