Abnormal stem cell function makes a known contribution to many malignant tumors, but the role of stem cells in benign tumors is not well understood. Here, we show that ossifying fibroma (OF) contains a stem cell population that resembles mesenchymal stem cells (OFMSCs) and is capable of generating OF-like tumor xenografts. Mechanistically, OFMSCs show enhanced TGF-β signaling that induces aberrant proliferation and deficient osteogenesis via Notch and BMP signaling pathways, respectively. The elevated TGF-β activity is tightly regulated by JHDM1D-mediated epigenetic regulation of thrombospondin-1 (TSP1), forming a JHDM1D/TSP1/TGF-β/SMAD3 autocrine loop. Inhibition of TGF-β signaling in OFMSCs can rescue their abnormal osteogenic differentiation and elevated proliferation rate. Furthermore, chronic activation of TGF-β can convert normal MSCs into OF-like MSCs via establishment of this JHDM1D/TSP1/TGF-β/SMAD3 autocrine loop. These results reveal that epigenetic regulation of TGF-β signaling in MSCs governs the benign tumor phenotype in OF and highlight TGF-β signaling as a candidate therapeutic target.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Cell stem cell|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 7 2013|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Cell Biology