Optimization of the design parameters of fly ash-based geopolymer using the dynamic approach of the Taguchi method

Kozo Onoue, Takeomi Iwamoto, Yasutaka Sagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


The dynamic approach of the Taguchi method is applied to optimize the mixture proportions and manufacturing conditions of fly ash-based geopolymer (FAGP) mortar using fly ash produced at two different thermal power plants in the Kyushu region, Japan. Ground granulated blast-furnace slag (GGBS) is also used as an activation powder. The design parameters of a system, with the volume ratio of powder to alkaline activating solution as the input value and the flow value as well as the flexural and compressive strengths as the output values, are optimized based on the calculation of the signal-to-noise ratio. As a result, optimum values for the mass ratio of sodium silicate solution to sodium hydroxide solution, concentration of sodium hydroxide solution, GGBS replacement ratio, mixing time, curing temperature, and cumulative temperature in heat curing are obtained. The values of the optimized design parameters are almost the same, regardless of the type of fly ash. The compressive strength of the optimized FAGP mortar ranged from 28.8 N/mm2 to 47.1 N/mm2 at 2 days, corresponding to the input values. Furthermore, it is confirmed that the optimized FAGP mortar has strength stability and sulfuric acid resistance up to 91 days sufficient for practical purposes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Publication statusPublished - Sept 20 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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