Optimal structure of grated bottom intakes designed for small hydroelectric power generation

R. Itsukushima, S. Ikematsu, M. Nakano, M. Takagi, Y. Shimatani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Water intake structure is an important element technology for small hydroelectric generation. Currently, intake structures with bar screens have been broadly introduced; however, these require constant maintenance to avoid the clogging of bars by dust or gravel. This study considers the optimal structure of bottom intakes by focusing on two criteria: efficient water intake and prevention of clogs by trapping trash. Grating was selected as the intake structure because it is convenient to construct, widely available, and cheaper than other materials. A flume experiment was conducted to examine the relation between the grating structure and the intake efficiency and trash-trapping rate. Results indicate a clear linear relation between the installation angle and water intake capacity. Furthermore, the trash-trapping rate is low for gratings that have high opening area ratios because their surface areas are small and friction resistance is low.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034501
JournalJournal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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