One-pot synthesis of (anatase/bronze-type)-TiO2/carbon dot polymorphic structures and their photocatalytic activity for H2 generation

Sovann Khan, Yuta Kubota, Wenwei Lei, Norihiro Suzuki, Kazuya Nakata, Chiaki Terashima, Nobuhiro Matsushita, Akira Fujishima, Ken ichi Katsumata

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12 Citations (Scopus)


We report the one-pot synthesis of anatase/bronze-type ((A/B)-TiO2) and carbon dots (CDs) via a simple solvothermal method using only TiCl4 and ethylene glycol. Control of the reaction temperature and duration enabled the compositions of pure (B) phase, (A/B)-TiO2/CDs, and (A)-TiO2/CDs to be tuned. A series of experiments on the synthesis conditions was carefully conducted at various temperatures (150–200 °C) for various reaction times (5–36 h). Pure phase (B)-TiO2 was obtained at 150 °C for all reaction times (5 to 36 h). The (B)-phase was transformed to anatase at temperatures from 170 °C for reaction times longer than 12 h. At the same time, CDs were formed from the decomposition of ethylene glycol at temperatures greater than 160 °C and long reaction times (>12 h). The photocatalytic activities of the composite catalysts were evaluated by H2 generation from a water-ethylene glycol mixed solution under UV–visible light. H2 generation rates were observed in this order: (A/B)-TiO2/CDs > (A)-TiO2/CDs > (B)-TiO2 > (A)-TiO2. This high photocatalytic activity for (A/B)-TiO2/CDs is attributed to effective charge-separation and broad-light absorption. The developed method will be important for the facile synthesis of (A/B)-TiO2/CD materials and has more potential than conventional multi-step methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number146650
JournalApplied Surface Science
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2020
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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