A criterion for the selection of a suitable plasticizer for calix[n]arene-based ion-selective electrodes is discussed. The cation selectivity of plasticized membranes without the ligand was first measured as a reference. The membranes can be roughly classified into two groups. The first group shows cation selectivity in the order Cs+<Rb+>K+>Na+>Li+. The membranes in the second group are made of phosphorus plasticizers, which show a selectivity in the reverse order. The plasticizers in the first group featured a linear relationship between the dipole moment of the plasticizer (calculated by a PM3 method) and the ratio of cesium selectivity to lithium selectivity. The linear relationship supports the view that the polar membrane which includes a 'soft' plasticizer with a large dipole moment shows selectivity for Cs+, whereas the nonpolar membrane including the 'soft' plasticizer with the small dipole moment shows much lower selectivity for Cs+. Next, 2-fluorphenyl-2′-nitrophenyl ether (FPNPE) which showed the highest Cs+ selectivity and tris(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate (TEHP) which showed the highest Li+ selectivity were mixed in an appropriate ratio to make membranes with a different affinity for 'hard' ions. The metal selectivities of several crown-based and calixarene-based ionophores were examined in these membranes. Although a few exceptions exist, the polar 'soft' membrane is favorable when the interfering metal ion is 'hard", whereas the 'hard' membrane is favorable when the interfering metal ion is 'soft'.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Molecular Recognition in Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1994|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Food Science
- Condensed Matter Physics