Nonpolar-Oriented Wurtzite InP Nanowires with Electron Mobility Approaching the Theoretical Limit

Jiamin Sun, Yanxue Yin, Mingming Han, Zai Xing Yang, Changyong Lan, Lizhe Liu, Ying Wang, Ning Han, Lifan Shen, Xinglong Wu, Johnny C. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


As an important semiconductor nanomaterial, InP nanowires (NWs) grown with a typical vapor-liquid-solid mechanism are still restricted from their low electron mobility for practical applications. Here, nonpolar-oriented defect-free wurtzite InP NWs with electron mobility of as high as 2000 cm2 V-1 s-1 can be successfully synthesized via Pd-catalyzed vapor-solid-solid growth. Specifically, PdIn catalyst particles are involved and found to expose their PdIn(210) planes at the InP nucleation frontier due to their minimal lattice mismatch with nonpolar InP(2̅110) and (1̅100) planes. This appropriate lattice registration would then minimize the overall free energy and enable the highly crystalline InP NW growth epitaxially along the nonpolar directions. Because of the minimized crystal defects, the record-high electron mobility of InP NWs (i.e., 2000 cm2 V-1 s-1 at an electron concentration of 1017 cm-3) results, being close to the theoretical limit of their bulk counterparts. Furthermore, once the top-gated device geometry is employed, the device subthreshold slopes can be impressively reduced down to 91 mV dec-1 at room temperature. In addition, these NWs exhibit a high photoresponsivity of 104 A W-1 with fast rise and decay times of 0.89 and 0.82 s, respectively, in photodetection. All these results evidently demonstrate the promise of nonpolar-oriented InP NWs for next-generation electronics and optoelectronics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10410-10418
Number of pages9
JournalACS nano
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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