Nonclassical primordial gravitational waves from the initial entangled state

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10 Citations (Scopus)


The nonclassicality of primordial gravitational waves (PGWs) is characterized in terms of sub-Poissonian graviton statistics. The sub-Poissonian statistics are realized when quantum states are squeezed coherent states. In the presence of matter fields, the Universe experiences the squeezed coherent state during inflation. The condition to realize the sub-Poissonian graviton statistics is translated into the frequency range of gravitational waves. If the initial state is the Bunch-Davies vacuum, there is another necessary condition between phases of squeezing and coherent parameters. Here, we extend the initial state to entangled states. We consider α-vacua as the initial entangled state that are more general de Sitter invariant vacua than the Bunch-Davies vacuum. We find that, unlike the Bunch-Davies vacuum, PGWs generated in the initial entangled state become sub-Poissonian without requiring the condition between the phases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123536
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 20 2019
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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