Nobeyama 45 m Local Spur CO survey. I. Giant molecular filaments and cluster formation in the Vulpecula OB association

Mikito Kohno, Atsushi Nishimura, Shinji Fujita, Kengo Tachihara, Toshikazu Onishi, Kazuki Tokuda, Yasuo Fukui, Yusuke Miyamoto, Shota Ueda, Ryosuke Kiridoshi, Daichi Tsutsumi, Kazufumi Torii, Tetsuhiro Minamidani, Kazuya Saigo, Toshihiro Handa, Hidetoshi Sano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


We have performed new large-scale 12CO, 13CO, and C18O J = 1-0 observations toward the Vulpecula OB association (l ∼60°) as part of the Nobeyama 45 m Local Spur CO survey project. Molecular clouds are distributed over ∼100 pc, with local peaks at the Sh 2-86, Sh 2-87, and Sh 2-88 high-mass star-forming regions in the Vulpecula complex. The molecular gas is associated with the Local Spur, which corresponds to the nearest inter-arm region located between the Local Arm and the Sagittarius Arm. We discovered new giant molecular filaments (GMFs) in Sh 2-86, with a length of ∼30 pc, width of ∼5 pc, and molecular mass of ∼4 × 104 M⊙. We also found that Sh 2-86 contains the three velocity components at 22, 27, and 33 km s-1. These clouds and GMFs are likely to be physically associated with Sh 2-86 because they have high 12CO J = 2-1 to J = 1-0 intensity ratios and coincide with the infrared dust emission. The open cluster NGC 6823 exists at the common intersection of these clouds. We argue that the multiple cloud interaction scenario, including GMFs, can explain cluster formation in the Vulpecula OB association.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-49
Number of pages26
JournalPublications of the Astronomical Society of Japan
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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