NH3-assisted chloride flux-coating method for direct fabrication of visible-light-responsive SrNbO2N crystal layers

Kenta Kawashima, Mirabbos Hojamberdiev, Oluwaniyi Mabayoje, Bryan R. Wygant, Kunio Yubuta, C. Buddie Mullins, Kazunari Domen, Katsuya Teshima

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Perovskite-type SrNbO2N crystal layers were prepared on niobium substrates by using an NH3-assisted chloride flux-coating method. The optimization of synthesis parameters (holding temperature and strontium source:flux molar ratio) was performed using a NaCl-KCl flux. By choosing the optimal synthesis conditions, platelet SrNbO2N crystals were grown over the entire substrate surface, and each SrNbO2N platelet has a single-crystalline structure in a cubic symmetry. The optimal crystal layer possesses a well-adhered SrNbO2N/NbNx/Nb structure and absorbed photons with wavelengths up to 680 nm. In addition, the optimal SrNbO2N/NbNx photoelectrode was used for photoelectrochemical water oxidation (2H2O → 4H+ + 4e- + O2↑), as one half of the water splitting reaction. A photocurrent density of 113 μA cm-2 at 1.23 VRHE was recorded on the SrNbO2N/NbNx electrode without any additional co-catalyst loading and treatment under simulated sunlight, due to the higher crystallinity of SrNbO2N and higher interface-adhesion of the SrNbO2N/NbNx/Nb structure, which suppress the recombination of photogenerated electrons and holes at the defects and lead to an increase of the photogenerated electron collection efficiency in a niobium substrate, respectively. This study is the first to address the fabrication of quaternary oxynitride crystal layers on a conductive substrate using an NH3-assisted flux-coating method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5532-5541
Number of pages10
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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