Bone remodeling and hematopoiesis are interrelated and bone marrow (BM) macrophages are considered to be important for both bone remodeling and maintenance of the hematopoietic niche. We found that NF-κB Rela-deficient chimeric mice, generated by transplanting Rela-/- fetal liver cells into lethally irradiated hosts, developed severe osteopenia, reduced lymphopoiesis and enhanced mobilization of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells when BM cells were completely substituted by Rela-deficient cells. Rela-/- hematopoietic stem cells from fetal liver had normal hematopoietic ability, but those harvested from the BM of osteopenic Rela-/- chimeric mice had reduced repopulation ability, indicating impairment of the microenvironment for the hematopoietic niche. Osteopenia in Rela-/- chimeric mice was due to reduced bone formation, even though osteoblasts differentiated from host cells. This finding indicates impaired functional coupling between osteoblasts and hematopoietic stem cell-derived cells. Rela-deficient BM macrophages exhibited an aberrant inflammatory phenotype, and transplantation with wild-type F4/80+ BM macrophages recovered bone formation and ameliorated lymphopoiesis in Rela-/- chimeric mice. Therefore, RELA in F4/80+ macrophages is important both for bone homeostasis and for maintaining the hematopoietic niche after lethal irradiation and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Immunology and Allergy