Clear cell sarcoma (CCS), malignant melanoma of soft parts, is a rare malignant tumor with a poor prognosis. In this study, a CCS cell line, designated MP-CCS-SY, was established from a metastatic tumor of a 17-year-old Japanese girl that originated in the left Achilles tendon. A small number of melanosomes were detected in the cytoplasm by electron microscopy. The melanosomes immunoreacted with two melanoma-associated antibodies, HMB45 and Melan-A. A Western blot demonstrated the existence of a Melan-A antigen in this cell line. Although a t(12;22)(q13;q12), which is characteristic of CCS, was not identified by a chromosomal analysis with conventional banding techniques, fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis with painting probes of chromosomes 12 and 22 revealed the insertion of a chromosome 12 fragment into one of the long arms of chromosome 22. The chimeric EWS/ATF1 transcript was detected by the reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Extra copies and structural abnormalities of chromosome 8 were observed. Overexpression of c-myc mRNA was detected by Northern blot analysis and may have a role in malignant progression of CCS. The availability of this MP-CCS-SY cell line will help to understand the molecular biology of this malignancy and should be useful as a tool for developing an immunotherapy.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research