A bridge unseating prevention system is a safety system for bridge collapses caused by large earthquakes, beyond the assumption of aseismic design specifications. Presently, the system is generally adopted for newly constructed bridges and the seismic retrofitting of existing bridges. Cable type bridge restrainers are included in the system, and they are expected to prevent superstructures from exceeding the seat length of substructures. Although the bridge restrainer works during an earthquake, it is designed to be static in the current design. In addition, although the constituent elements of bridge restrainers include a rubber cushion to absorb energy during an earthquake, the effect is not included in the design. Thus, the current design lacks the dynamic effects of earthquakes and the cushioning effect of the rubber. Furthermore, in the case of a multi-span bridge, there is no particular decision as to where the restrainers should be placed or what kind of specifications they should have. Therefore, in this paper, a new design concept that considers the dynamic action of the earthquake and the cushioning effect of the rubber is proposed by coupling dynamic response analysis using a frame finite element (FE) model and a simple genetic algorithm (SGA).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- General Materials Science
- General Engineering
- Process Chemistry and Technology
- Computer Science Applications
- Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes