Nearly 100% internal phosphorescence efficiency in an organic light emitting device

Chihaya Adachi, Marc A. Baldo, Mark E. Thompson, Stephen R. Forrest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3320 Citations (Scopus)


We demonstrate very high efficiency electrophosphorescence in organic light-emitting devices employing a phosphorescent molecule doped into a wide energy gap host. Using bis(2-phenylpyridine)iridium(III) acetylacetonate [(ppy)2Ir(acac)] doped into 3-phenyl-4-(1′-naphthyl)-5-phenyl-1,2,4-triazole, a maximum external quantum efficiency of (19.0 ± 1.0)% and luminous power efficiency of (60 ± 5) Im/V are achieved. The calculated internal quantum efficiency of (87 ± 7)% is supported by the observed absence of thermally activated nonradiative loss in the photoluminescent efficiency of (ppy)2Ir(acac). Thus, very high external quantum efficiencies are due to the nearly 100% internal phosphorescence efficiency of (ppy)2Ir(acac) coupled with balanced hole and electron injection, and triplet exciton confinement within the light-emitting layer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5048-5051
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Nov 15 2001
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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